Civil Service: Featured Question 1

Civil Service

Featured Question

1. (Philippine Constitution) What do you call the introductory part of the constitution?

a. Preface
b. Amendments
c. Preamble
d. Bill of Rights

Preface (proem) is an introduction to a book or any other literary work written and signed by the author or writer. Amendments are the official process of changing and/or adding some terms or context that become a part of the law, contract, constitution, and other legal documents. A preamble is an introductory part of the constitution or statute, while a Bill of Rights is the list of rights to the citizens of the country. Hence C is the answer.

In the Philippines, some school encourages the students to memorize the Preamble at a younger age to realize that they are the voice of our country and highlight welfare and unity as a part of society.  

The Philippine Preamble is stated below:
"We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution."

2. (Double Analogy) HAS: HAD 

a. raised: raise
b. eats: eaten
c. drives: drove
d. past: present

The question implies that two verbs are paired accordingly in the present and past tense, so we are going to find their similar pair in a given choice. Letter A is incorrect, although the two verbs are correct the placement is not similar to a question which can also infer that letter D is incorrect. The past tense of "eat" is "ate", not "eaten" so B is incorrect. Letter C is the answer.

3. (Mathematics) -5+(-5) = ?

A. -10
B. 10
C. 0
D. None of the above.

Featured Question

4. (Mathematics) 1/2(128-84)-1/2(128-84)

a. 0
b. 20
c. 44
d. 64

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5. (Mathematics) Find N in the following equations:

   A. 8+2/5x4=N
   B. (8+2)/5x4=N

For answers numbers 3-5, just follow the PEMDAS.
PEMDAS stands for Parenthesis, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, and Subtraction

6. (Mathematics) The ratio of two numbers is 5:8. If the smaller number is 25, what is the larger number?

7. (Mathematics) 68 is 1/4(one-fourth) of what number?

8. (Inductive Reasoning) 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, ___?

       a. 72
     b. 75
     c. 81
     d. 90

In this sequence, the sequence is the cardinal numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and so on) but they are squared (1^2, 2^2, 3^2, and so on) and simplified. Hence letter C is the answer 9^2.

9. (Double Analogy) Neptune: Poseidon:: 

    a. Hermes: Mercury
    b. Hades: Pluto
    c. Greek: Latin
    d. Juno: Hera

The paired given is Roman god/goddesses and its Greek translation. Letter A and B is incorrect because it is improper placement of the terms. Letter C is not correct because they are both languages. D is correct.

10. (Mathematics) Which of the following is true?

a. If a number is divisible by 5, then it is divisible by 10
b. If a number is divisible by 10, then it is divisible by 5
c. If a number is divisible by 3, then it is divisible by 6
d. If a number is divisible by 4, then it is divisible by 8

Take these examples:
A= 15 ==is divisible by 5 but not divisible by 10===WRONG
B= 50 ==is divisible by 5 and 10 ===CORRECT
C= 27 ==is divisible by 3 but not 6 ===WRONG
D= 12==is divisible by 4 but not divisible by 8=== WRONG

11. (Mathematics) A one-fourth percent of a number is 25. What is the number?

A. 100
B. 1,000
C. 10,000
D. 100,000

Letter A is the answer.

12. -2-3/5

13. (Mathematics) The sum of four consecutive even numbers is 196. What is the third number?

a. 48 
b. 50 
c. 46
d. 52

14. (Mathematics) (12+30/2)+(12+4)/8-5³ = ?

15.(Inductive Reasoning) 1, 8, 27 _?


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